# Process Activities Tips

## Engaging Science Activities and Fun Experiments for Kids

## Getting Started

- Grades K-2 Materials List
- Grades 3-4 Materials List
- Grades 5-6 Materials List

Science A-Z Process Activities provide opportunities to apply important unit concepts and develop scientific practices through hands-on science activities and fun experiments for kids. Students learn to read, think, write, speak, and behave as real scientists in a structured format, which helps prepare them to design and pursue their own investigations in the future.

Each Process Activity includes a purpose, background information, a materials list, procedures, a data sheet, and several questions to help students analyze their data and draw conclusions. Teaching Tips help guide science projects for kids.

## Why Use Process Activities

In Science A-Z Process Activities, students apply important practices in order to construct scientific understanding. Students identify problems, ask and answer questions, hypothesize, manipulate variables, apply math skills, gather evidence, solve problems, and communicate their findings through speaking, listening, and writing.

Students practice observing, proposing new ideas, designing experiments, and testing new ideas as they collaborate with peers on a Process Activity. These skills and habits of mind apply to everyday life long after students complete classroom investigations.

## How to Use Process Activities

### Gather Materials

Use the Process Activity Materials Lists for each grade range as a guide for obtaining the science supplies that students will use when completing activities throughout the year.### Guide the Activity

Use the Teaching Tips provided with each Process Activity to help your science activities, experiments, or projects run smoothly.- For grades 3-6, Teaching Tips are provided after the student pages and suggest how to run a smooth activity, how to keep students safe, and how to obtain materials. The Teaching Tips also provide answer keys that include possible results for the data sheet and sample student responses to questions.
- For grades K-2, the entire Process Activity is written to the teacher, and Teaching Tips are incorporated throughout, with sample student results and responses provided.

### Determine the Inquiry Process

Process Activities provide everything required for structured inquiry, but the resources can also be used for guided inquiry or self-directed/open inquiry investigations.**Structured inquiry:**Students follow the provided procedures, fill in the premade data sheet, and answer the provided questions.**Guided inquiry:**Teachers might use the Purpose and Materials provided, but encourage students to design their own investigation, set up their own data sheets, and analyze the data in their own ways.**Self-directed/open inquiry:**Teachers can provide the focus of the investigation and serve as the facilitator as students do the rest.

## Life

### Animals

#### Animal Trading Cards

- Printable Resources

#### Animals Around You

- Printable Resources

#### Pet or Not

- Printable Resources

#### Pill Bugs

- Printable Resources

### Living/Non-Living

#### Testing for Life

- Printable Resources

### Plants

#### Fruit Seeds

- Printable Resources

#### Plants, Water, and Sunlight

- Printable Resources

#### Sorting Leaves

- Printable Resources

### Senses

#### Identifying Substances by Smell

- Printable Resources

#### Senses Poster

- Printable Resources

#### Sensory Deprivation

- Printable Resources

## Earth & Space

### Earth, Moon, and Sun

#### Modeling the Earth, Moon, and Sun

- Printable Resources

### Weather

#### Cotton Ball Clouds

- Printable Resources

#### Measuring Wind with a Cup Anemometer

- Printable Resources

#### Weather Journal

- Printable Resources

### Earth's Surface

#### Erosion Control

- Printable Resources

## Physical

### Doing Work

#### Tasks and Tools

- Printable Resources

### Energy

#### Rolling Down a Ramp

- Printable Resources

#### Tuning Forks and Sound

- Printable Resources

### Light

#### Mixing Colors

- Printable Resources

### Properties

#### Classifying Objects

- Printable Resources

### Magnets

#### Magnetic Nails

- Printable Resources

### Things Move

#### Launch Weights with Rubber Bands

- Printable Resources

## Process

### Hypotheses (Skills)

#### Hypotheses

- Printable Resources

### Data Sheets (Skills)

#### Using Data Sheets for a Survey

- Printable Resources

### Using Diagrams (Skills)

#### Making Diagrams

- Printable Resources

### Draw Conclusions (Skills)

#### Drawing Conclusions

- Printable Resources

### Observation vs. Inference (Skills)

#### Making Observations and Inferences

- Printable Resources

### Identify and Control Variables (Skills)

#### Working with Variables

- Printable Resources

### Using Graphs (Skills)

#### Using Graphs

- Printable Resources

### Thermometers (Tools)

#### Water Temperature

- Printable Resources

### Balance Scales (Tools)

#### Using a Balance Scale

- Printable Resources

### Length Measurement (Tools)

#### Measuring Length

- Printable Resources

### Hand Lenses (Tools)

#### Using a Hand Lens

- Printable Resources

## Life

### Vertebrates

#### Pipe Cleaner Skeletons

- Printable Resources

### Invertebrates

#### Observe Invertebrates

- Printable Resources

### Plant Life

#### Gas Exchange in Leaves

- Printable Resources

#### Phototropism

- Printable Resources

### The Human Body

#### Meter Stick Drop

- Printable Resources

### Life Cycles

#### Human Life Cycle Sequence

- Printable Resources

#### Inherited Traits

- Printable Resources

#### Life Cycles of Edible Plants

- Printable Resources

#### Mealworm Life Cycles

- Printable Resources

### Habitats/Environment

#### Habitat in a Bottle

- Printable Resources

## Earth & Space

### The Solar System

#### Orbital Paths

- Printable Resources

### Clouds, Wind, and Storms

#### Comparing Evaporation Rates

- Printable Resources

#### Making a Cloud

- Printable Resources

#### Soda Bottle Waterspout Model

- Printable Resources

### Minerals, Rocks, and Soil

#### Weathering Rocks

- Printable Resources

## Physical

### Machines

#### Design Machines

- Printable Resources

#### Pendulums

- Printable Resources

#### Strength of Electromagnets

- Printable Resources

### Heat Energy

#### Build a Thermometer

- Printable Resources

#### Insulate an Ice Cube

- Printable Resources

#### Observe Convection Currents

- Printable Resources

### Sound

#### Identify Objects by Sound

- Printable Resources

#### String Telephones

- Printable Resources

#### Water Music with Soda Bottles

- Printable Resources

### Solids, Liquids, and Gases

#### Changing States of Water

- Printable Resources

## Process

### Hypotheses (Skills)

#### Hypotheses

- Printable Resources

### Data Sheets (Skills)

#### Using Data Sheets for a Survey

- Printable Resources

### Using Diagrams (Skills)

#### Making Diagrams

- Printable Resources

### Draw Conclusions (Skills)

#### Drawing Conclusions

- Printable Resources

### Observation vs. Inference (Skills)

#### Making Observations and Inferences

- Printable Resources

### Identify and Control Variables (Skills)

#### Working with Variables

- Printable Resources

### Using Graphs (Skills)

#### Using Graphs

- Printable Resources

### Thermometers (Tools)

#### Measuring Water Temperature

- Printable Resources

### Balance Scales (Tools)

#### Using a Balance Scale

- Printable Resources

### Length Measurement (Tools)

#### Measuring Length

- Printable Resources

### Time Measurement (Tools)

#### Time Measurement

- Printable Resources

## Life

### Food Chains

#### Paper Food Chains and Food Web

- Printable Resources

### Adaptations

#### Bird Beak Adaptations

- Printable Resources

#### Controlling Water Loss from Leaves

- Printable Resources

#### Design Animal Adaptations

- Printable Resources

### Food and Nutrition

#### Comparing the Fat Content of Foods

- Printable Resources

### Inside Living Things

#### Cell Models

- Printable Resources

#### Changing Pulse Rates

- Printable Resources

#### Lung Capacity

- Printable Resources

## Earth & Space

### Outside the Solar System

#### Deep-Space Model

- Printable Resources

### Atmosphere and Climate

#### Air: Weight and Pressure

- Printable Resources

### Changing Landforms

#### Erosion

- Printable Resources

### Water

#### Settling and Sedimentation

- Printable Resources

#### Water Collage

- Printable Resources

#### Water Cycle Model

- Printable Resources

## Physical

### Force and Motion

#### Rubber Band Forces: Energy and Mass

- Printable Resources

### Energy Resources

#### Solar Cooker

- Printable Resources

### Light Energy

#### Explore Shadows

- Printable Resources

#### Refraction

- Printable Resources

#### Shadows and Earth's Surface

- Printable Resources

#### Spinning Color Disks

- Printable Resources

### Mixing Matter

#### Mixtures, Solutions, and Suspensions

- Printable Resources

### Electricity and Magnetism

#### Electromagnets

- Printable Resources

## Process

### Hypotheses (Skills)

#### Hypotheses

- Printable Resources

### Data Sheets (Skills)

#### Using Data Sheets for a Survey

- Printable Resources

### Using Diagrams (Skills)

#### Making Diagrams

- Printable Resources

### Draw Conclusions (Skills)

#### Drawing Conclusions

- Printable Resources

### Observation vs. Inference (Skills)

#### Making Observations and Inferences

- Printable Resources

### Identify and Control Variables (Skills)

#### Working with Variables

- Printable Resources

### Using Graphs (Skills)

#### Using Graphs

- Printable Resources

### Thermometers (Tools)

#### Measuring Water and Air Temperature

- Printable Resources

### Balance Scales (Tools)

#### Using a Balance Scale

- Printable Resources

### Length Measurement (Tools)

#### Measuring Length

- Printable Resources

### Liquid Measurement (Tools)

#### Estimating and Measuring Volume

- Printable Resources